Record drop in US cancer death rate

T.The US cancer death rate has fallen 31 percent from its peak in 1991. This comes from the American Cancer Society’s latest annual cancer statistics report published in yesterday (Jan. 12) CA: A cancer journal for clinicians. Between 2017 and 2018, cancer mortality fell by 2.4 percent, beating the previous year’s record with an annual decrease of 2.2 percent. In 2017, the cancer death rate was 152.6 per 100,000 people, and in 2018 that rate was 149 per 100,000.

See “US Cancer Death Rate Down 25 Years Since 1991”

A lower rate of death from lung cancer, which kills the most people each year, accounted for nearly half of the total decline in cancer mortality. In 2018, 142,081 people died from lung / bronchial cancer, according to the report. Researchers say this advance can be attributed to reducing smoking and improving cancer detection and treatment. In contrast, the decline in mortality rates from prostate, breast and colon cancer has slowed in recent years.

Survival rates in black patients were lower than in white for almost all cancers. Overall, the five-year survival rate for white patients was 68 percent compared to 63 percent for black patients from 2010 to 2016. However, the differences in overall cancer mortality between black and white patients decreased from 33 percent in 1993 to 13 percent in 2018.

“While recent advances in the treatment of lung cancer and several other cancers are cause for celebration, it is worrying to recognize the persistent racial, socio-economic, and geographic disparities in highly preventable cancers,” said William Cance, the American’s chief medical and scientific officer Cancer Society says in a statement. “There continues to be a need for increased investment in equitable cancer control and clinical research to create more advanced treatment options that will help accelerate progress in the fight against cancer.”

The researchers highlight cervical cancer as the second leading cause of death in women aged 20 to 39 in the United States. Although this cancer is largely preventable through screening and HPV vaccination, more than 4,000 women – about 11 a day – died of cervical cancer in the US in 2018. “We can examine this cancer, not just examine it. we can prevent it. We know what to do, we just need to get much better at actually doing it, ”said Deborah Schrag, director of population studies at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School who was not an author Study tells abc news.

Cancer is still the second leading cause of death in the United States. According to the report, 1,898,160 new cancer cases and 608,570 cancer deaths are expected in 2021. Those estimates don’t take into account the potential impact of COVID-19 on cancer diagnoses and outcomes, Rebecca Siegel, cancer epidemiologist with the American Cancer Society and the study’s lead author, said in the statement. “We anticipate that disruptions in access to cancer treatment in 2020 will lead to a downstream increase in advanced-stage diagnoses that could hamper progress in reducing cancer mortality rates in the years to come.”



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